Editor's Note: This post was originally published on January 5, 2015 and has been updated for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. Any opinions or forecasts in this post reflect the subjective judgments and assumptions of the author as of January 2015.
The commodity complex has seen a rapid fall since the middle of 2014 due to global growth concerns, the US dollar rally and continuing overall growth in supply. I believe prices may be close to bottoming and we could see a cyclical upturn in the first half of 2015. Here’s my forecast:
I expect crude oil prices to correct in 2015, bringing the Brent Crude Index to approximately $85-95/barrel and the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) to approximately $75-85/barrel by year end
My opinion is that the current move in crude oil prices is unwarranted. I believe the market is mispricing geopolitical risk, a US supply response and an upcoming global refinery turnaround schedule (periods of refinery closure for maintenance and renewal services). The situation in Libya is still volatile and recent disruptions to oil production are yet to have any impact on prices. Refinery demand in the second half of 2014 was the weakest in five years, not only due to global growth but also due to temporary factors such as closures and maintenance related shutdowns. During the first half of 2015, we expect to see very few maintenance related shutdowns as well as several new refineries initiating operations. Finally, US domestic production will likely adjust lower if energy and petroleum companies have less cash to spend in 2015.
I expect prices to continue to trade in the $3.75 to $4.25 per mmbtu[i] range (this is the price required for electric consumption to balance the market)
Natural gas seems to have found a comfortable trading range between $3.75 and $4.25 per mmbtu as electric utilities switch between natural gas and coal. Inventories, which were down significantly after the severe winter in early 2014, have built up steadily over the course of a cooler-than-usual summer. In 2015 we are likely to see higher demand for natural gas due to higher industrial consumption, exports to Mexico and the start of LNG exports from the new Sabine Pass terminal in Texas.
I expect copper to stay in a slight surplus; after that I expect supply growth will slow and fall behind demand
Inventories at the exchange are low[ii] and a slight pickup in demand could result in prices moving higher. Over the next two quarters, we could see demand improve from higher grid spending in China, which year-to-date has lagged the number budgeted by China’s National Energy Administration (NEA).
Prices could correct and move up to the $80-90 per metric tonne range by the second half of 2015. Longer-term I believe iron ore prices could remain in the approximate range of $80-$90.
The fall in prices exceeds what fundamentals would dictate – I believe the decline is being driven by de-stocking/restocking cycles. Demand should improve after the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) summit in November when steel makers restart mills near Beijing. Ore inventories at ports have fallen between 7-10% since their June highs[iii], indicating low but stable demand. Iron ore inventories at steel mills are also close to their 2012 lows. Chinese property values seem to be falling and there is speculation that sales/construction in the region will bottom out over the next few months. India could become a surprise importer of iron ore due to licensing constraints at domestic mines.
I expect global thermal coal prices to stay in the $70-75 per metric tonne range over the next year
Weak demand is likely to persist with a potential bright spot being medium-term Indian coal demand. I see strong supply growth from Indonesia and Australia in the near-term; in my view the impact of the thermal coal import tax should be minimal as Indonesia and Australia are exempt due to their respective free-trade agreements with China.
Expect gold prices to fall to $1,000/oz over the next two yearsResilient mine supply and lower demand from China and India should push prices lower. I expect the Indian gold export tax to continue until the end of 2015 as well as Chinese demand for jewelry to remain subdued as anti-corruption sentiment reduces the demand for luxury goods. ETF selling, in my opinion, could continue as real rates move higher, and inflation/deflation present no major concerns at this time.
This was originally published on January 5, 2015. We have updated the content as necessary and otherwise believe the information is current and relevant.
Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results.
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This blog post is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice. Any opinions or forecasts contained herein reflect the subjective judgments and assumptions of the authors only and do not necessarily reflect the views of Loomis, Sayles & Company, L.P. This information is subject to change at any time without notice.